Divisibility rules are a set of guidelines that help to determine if a number is divisible by another number without actually dividing them. These rules are based on the properties of numbers and are very useful in mathematics, especially in arithmetic and algebra. One such rule is the divisibility rule for 16. In this article, we will discuss this rule and how it works.

## What is the Divisibility Rule for 16?

The divisibility rule for 16 states that a number is divisible by 16 if its last four digits are divisible by 16. This means that if the last four digits of a number are 0000, 0016, 0032, 0048, 0064, 0080, 0096, or any other number divisible by 16, then the entire number is divisible by 16.

## How to Apply the Divisibility Rule for 16?

To apply the divisibility rule for 16, follow these steps:

- Start by looking at the last four digits of the number.
- Check if the last four digits are divisible by 16.
- If the last four digits are divisible by 16, then the entire number is divisible by 16.

It is important to note that the rule only applies to whole numbers and not fractions or decimals.

## Examples of Using the Divisibility Rule for 16

Let us consider a few examples to understand how the divisibility rule for 16 works.

**Example 1:**

Is 435,616 divisible by 16?

**Solution:**

The last four digits of 435,616 are 5616, which is divisible by 16 since it ends with 16. Therefore, 435,616 is divisible by 16.

**Example 2:**

Is 62,832 divisible by 16?

**Solution:**

The last four digits of 62,832 are 2832, which is divisible by 16 since it ends with 32. Therefore, 62,832 is divisible by 16.

**Example 3:**

Is 97,123 divisible by 16?

**Solution:**

The last four digits of 97,123 are 7123, which is not divisible by 16. Therefore, 97,123 is not divisible by 16.

## Tips and Tricks for Using the Divisibility Rule for 16 (Continued)

- If the last four digits of a number are not divisible by 16, then the entire number is not divisible by 16. This means that you do not have to check the other digits if the last four digits are not divisible by 16.
- If a number is not divisible by 16, it is not divisible by any larger power of 2. For example, if a number is not divisible by 16, it is not divisible by 32, 64, 128, and so on.

## Why is the Divisibility Rule for 16 Useful?

The divisibility rule for 16 can be very useful in many situations, especially in arithmetic and algebra. For example, when dealing with large numbers, it can be time-consuming to perform long division to determine if a number is divisible by 16. By using the divisibility rule for 16, you can quickly determine if a number is divisible by 16 without performing long division.

Moreover, the rule is also useful in cryptography and computer science. In cryptography, the rule is used to generate random numbers that are divisible by 16. In computer science, the rule is used to optimize the performance of algorithms that involve bitwise operations.

## Other Divisibility Rules

Apart from the divisibility rule for 16, there are other rules that can help you determine if a number is divisible by another number. Here are a few examples:

- Divisibility rule for 2: A number is divisible by 2 if its last digit is even.
- Divisibility rule for 3: A number is divisible by 3 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3.
- Divisibility rule for 4: A number is divisible by 4 if its last two digits are divisible by 4.
- Divisibility rule for 5: A number is divisible by 5 if its last digit is either 0 or 5.
- Divisibility rule for 6: A number is divisible by 6 if it is divisible by both 2 and 3.

## Limitations of the Divisibility Rule for 16

While the divisibility rule for 16 can be useful in many situations, it also has its limitations. One of the limitations is that it only applies to whole numbers and not fractions or decimals. Therefore, it cannot be used to determine if a fraction or decimal is divisible by 16.

Moreover, the rule is not very useful for small numbers since it is easier to perform long division to determine if a number is divisible by 16 for small numbers.

## FAQs

### Can the divisibility rule for 16 be applied to fractions or decimals?

No, the rule only applies to whole numbers and not fractions or decimals.

### What is the divisibility rule for 4?

A number is divisible by 4 if its last two digits are divisible by 4.

### Can the divisibility rule for 16 be used in combination with other rules?

Yes, the rule can be used in combination with other divisibility rules.

### Why is the divisibility rule for 16 useful?

The rule is useful in determining if a number is divisible by 16 without performing long division. It can save time and is especially helpful when dealing with large numbers.

### What are some other divisibility rules?

Some other divisibility rules include the rules for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 10. These rules are based on the properties of numbers and can help determine if a number is divisible by another number without performing long division.

## Conclusion

The divisibility rule for 16 is a helpful tool that can be used to quickly determine if a number is divisible by 16 without performing long division. By checking the last four digits of a number, you can determine if it is divisible by 16 or not. This rule is useful in mathematics, cryptography, and computer science. However, it has its limitations and can only be applied to whole numbers.